Chapter 2: Pads for Russia: Tentative Results

Vadim Potapenko, Institute of Economic Forecasting, Russian Academy of Sciences, The Russian Federation

Scientific Editors: Velga Ozoliņa, Douglas S. Meade

Russian household consumption expenditures have been growing for the last two decades, beginning at the peak of the transformation crisis in the middle of the 1990s, and have become one of the main engines of economic growth. Several times during the period, consumption expenditures slumped abruptly, but every decline was followed by further increase.
At the same time, Russian household consumption patterns have a few intricate and unexpected features. There is a need for a tool that can explore these patterns and features, explain past changes of consumption, and forecast its structure. The tool must cover consumer choice theory and simultaneously allow the user to build a model that takes into account (1) changes of income and the relative prices of goods and services, and (2) substitutability and complementarity of goods and services, and a wide range of other variables.
The Perhaps Adequate Demand System (PADS) proposed (Almon, 1979) and then developed by both the founder of the system (Almon, 1996) and his colleagues (Bardazzi & Barnabani, 2001) is a perfect tool for the task. This paper describes the use of some PADS applications for Russian data and presents its tentative results.

Additional information


Publication type

ISBN (print)

ISBN (pdf)


Published online


Country of publication

Publication language

Funding source


There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “Chapter 2: Pads for Russia: Tentative Results”